Vol 23, 2016
About the Cover
Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus. L) Bulbs are rich in energy, dietary fiber, minerals, vitamins
and an healthy fruit to relish. Jackfruit in India has hundreds of genotypes and all of them could
not be successfully converted into value added products due to immense variations in physical
and biochemical qualities of fruits. Squash is a fruit based beverage with pleasant taste and
aroma. In this study, an attempt was made to process matured jackfruit into squash from five
popular genotypes, namely, HV-1, Swarna halasu, Muttomvarikka, Lalbagh madhura and HRS.
Deseeded jackfruit bulbs from five genotypes were processed into squash as per FSSAI
specifications. The processed squashes were filled into pre-sterilized glass bottles and sealed.
The bottles were then pasteurized at 90-95 °C for 15 minutes. Results demonstrated that the
physical and bio-chemical properties of jackfruit bulbs varied significantly among the genotypes.
The pH of bulbs (5.2-5.0), TSS (37.2-23.7 °B), acidity (0.23-0.40%), ascorbic (acid 5.0-3.57
mg/100 g), reducing sugar (35.71-22.17 %) and total sugar (65.50-35.71 %) were found varying
among the genotypes.
Table of contents - 2016 (Vol 23)
Metabolic syndrome and influence of pro12ala polymorphism
Ithayamalar S, Kowsalya S, Ramalingam S
The Pro12Ala polymorphism of the Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor-Gamma 2 (PPAR gene) is known to be associated with metabolic
syndrome. However, studies reported in south Asian population are rare.
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(77), 1-10
Development of retort pouch processed ready to eat (RTE) Mutton Kheema Biryani
Lavanya MN, Kumar R, Saikiran KCHS, Bhosale YK
Kheema is a traditional South Asian meat dish, which is used as stuffing and filling agents in many products and Kheema refres to minced meat.
Mutton Kheema Biryani was prepared by using minced mutton, it was an Indian non-vegetarian food was prepared as per recipy.
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(77), 11-25
Development of squash from Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus. L)
Shwetha MS, Ranganna B
Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus. L) Bulbs are rich in energy, dietary fiber, minerals, vitamins and an healthy fruit to relish. Jackfruit in India has
hundreds of genotypes and all of them could not be successfully converted into value added products due to immense variations in physical and
biochemical qualities of fruits.
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(77), 26-33
Milk preservation using pulsed electric field – an alternate to pasteurisation
Sujatha G, Sivakumar T, Vadivoo VS
Raw milk is not commercially available. Pasteurisation of raw milk not only kills harmful bacteria but also kills the beneficial bacteria. Several of milk’s
natural components including beneficial bacteria, food enzymes, natural vitamins and immunoglobulin are heat sensitive.
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(77), 34-41
In-vitro digestibility and Functional properties of Chickpea Resistant starch
Jagannadham K, Parimalavalli R
Starch is the most abundant carbohydrate in chickpea seed and is considered to be competitive in the food industry. The study was aimed to
investigate the invitro digestibility and functional properties of chickpea resistant starch through repeated (five cycle) retrogradation process.
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(77), 42-49
Effect of drying methods on the physical properties of Jamun pulp powder
Reginold Jebitta S, Jeyanth Allwin SI
Syzgium cumini is a evergreen tree which is grown widely in tropical and subtropical region. It is one of the best suitable trees for wastelands. This
Jamun pulp were dried using Sun Drying, Cross flow drying, Vacuum shelf Drying and Freeze drying.
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(77), 50-59
Effect of prebiotics on the growth of probiotics
Naga Priya Dharshini D, Anu Rekha M, Murugesan GS
This study aims to assess the efficacy of prebiotics on the growth of probiotics (Bacillus subtilis and Saccharomyces cerevisiae) for enhancing the
growth performance of broiler chicks.
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(77), 60-74
Drying Characteristics of Banana Powder
Nimesh Chauhan, Jethva KR
Banana is one of the most consumed fruits in tropical and subtropical regions of Southeast Asia, belongs to family Musaceae and class Liliopsida.
Banana is the fourth largest fruit crop of the world.
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(77), 75-88
Metamaterial Based Split Triangular Shape Microstrip Antenna
Present paper is based on improvement in gain and the profile of triangular microstrip antenna using metamatrial structure. Widely used
metamaterial, engineered for specific purposes, have negative permittivity (ENG) or negative permeability (MNG), or both negative (DNG) with
negative refraction coefficient.
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(78), 105-110
Scanning Electron Microscopic study of erythrocytes of Heteropneustes fossilis (Bloch) exposed to cadmium and copper
Paul R, Ramanujam SN
Erythrocyte morphology is one of the most sensitive indicators of toxic impact of various environmental factors on fish. Present investigation deals
with the assessment of deleterious effects of heavy metals, cadmium and copper on the structural alterations of RBCs of a freshwater air-breathing
catfish, Heteropneustes fossilis (Bloch).
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(78), 111-114
Fertility status of soils of Pedapuluguvaripalem village of Guntur district, Andhra Pradesh
An investigation was carried out to study the fertility status of coastal soils of Pedapuluguvaripalem village of Guntur district, Andhra
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(79), 172-177
Diet during energy balance
Kusuma Neela Bolla, Santhi Sri KV, Krishnaveni P
Energy imbalance completely deals with weight regulation. In order to understand the concept of weight regulation, it is necessary
to understand the meaning of energy balance.
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(79), 178-184
Study of Impact of ADWDRS 2008 on Financial Institutions of Nagpur District
Yenurkar PB, Anup Ranade, Prachi Ranade CA
India has been primarily an agrarian economy. Of lately the tertiary sector i.e. the service sector has shown exponential growth and
hence has contributed greatly to the reduction in the levels of unemployment.
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(79), 204-213
Strategies for managing growth through Operation research and decision making Applied to hospitals
Hospitals are the critical units that need attention. Hence it is very important that operational efficiency of the hospitals should be
taken care of. Purpose of research is to manage queues in hospital through operation research and decision making strategies of
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(79), 226-236
Formulation and evaluation of Aspirin Nanoemulsion
Selvi PP, Faustina S, Sowmiya A
Nanoemulsion can be defined as the emulsions with mean droplet diameter ranging from 20-500nm used as targeted drug delivery
carrier in pharmaceutical products. The present objective is to formulate and evaluate the nanoemulsion of Aspirin.
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(79), 245-252
Preparation of Rice Rotti fortified with flax seed & it’s preservation
Prasad Reddy MN, Shemwal AD, Ayub khan M, Er. Umesh, Shushma DK, Divya Shree, K
Indian diet is mainly cereal based. Cereals are not only a good source of complex carbohydrates but also provide substantial amount
of vitamins, minerals, phytochemicals and antioxidants. The aim of this study was to produce complementary food that will meet the
nutritional requirement of infants, aged persons, youths, children by addition of nutrient rich flax seed.
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(79), 253-267
Process optimization for drying of drumstick leaves
Kannan K, Thahaaseen A
There are many varieties of green leafy vegetables which are though rich in micronutrients, but are usually discarded or are not used
for human consumption. One such leaf, a rich source of micronutrients but still under exploited is Moringa leaf (Moringa oleifera).
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(79), 275-288
Productivity improvement by layout modification and work measurement
Rao BVS, Chandra Mohan Reddy G, Deepa Rajan, Ravindra Reddy PVR
Productivity is defined as the ratio of output/input. The key to prosperity for any industry or organization lies in enhancing
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(80), 342-348
A study on pre and post analysis of initial public offers
Bhagya Lakshmi K, Saraswathi S
This paper investigates the pre and post analysis of initial public offerings of the listed companies in National Stock Exchange in
India’s top 30 listed companies for a period between 2005 to 2015. The main source of the study is from secondary data from firm’s
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(80), 355-362
Total quality management in art educational institutions in India - an empirical study
Venkata Ramana Moorthy D, Venkateswara Reddy D
This paper emphasizes on the quality of human and non-human resources of art educational institutions in India. The quality of art
education is assessed by both observational method as well as empirical analysis. The tools and techniques used are; Delphi
techniques along with mean, standard deviation and t-test.
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(80), 377-384
Design and implementation of Pennar integrated management system (PIMS) model through lean principles and practices
Rajeswara Reddy P, Krishnaiah G, Diwakar Reddy V
Now a day’s traditionally operated discrete manufacturing industries are facing serious problems like lower machine and manpower
productivity, longer production lead time, Low yield high rework, poor line balancing, lack of standardized work process and
performance measurement system for the employee, high work-in-process, low production capacity, high labour (operator)
absenteeism, high rework and poor resource utilization are among others.
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(80), 394-402
Pollution control through odd – even rule: A case study of Delhi
Sree Pavani V, Ramachandra Aryasri A
The pollution levels in Delhi at alarming levels triggered severe action to be taken to task. The research revealed that the main
reason for pollution is transport and road dust. So Delhi Government decided to implement a trail run of odd even car rule for 15
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(80), 403-411
Optimization of production by using AGV’s and automatic tool changer
Madhava Reddy S, Narendra Kumar B
To achieve optimum material handling in a production process, components such as raw materials, semi finished & finished
products AGVS is best method. To get cost effectiveness and quality products automation can be implemented for product process
in small & large scale industries.
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(80), 412-421
Analysis of turnaround timings for emergency department of government hospital of Hyderabad - a six sigma approach
Srikanth K, Sapna Singh
Post LPG, the service sector predominantly occupied a pivotal role in the society. Unlike the primary agricultural sector or secondary
industrial sector, which is concerned with production of tangible goods, the service is basically intangible and perishable, in the
sense that neither the service provider nor the service receiver can store a service.
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(80), 422-430
Li-Fi – A Revolution in the field of Wireless-Communication
Mangesh Hase, Paras Bhanushali, Parth Vora, Prerna Goswami, Kerawalla MAK
In this current era where all the facilities that includes banking, shopping, online payments, games….etc can be accessed with
internet, has lead to a drastic increase in wireless communication usage. The usable radio frequency spectrum is completely
exploited and bandwidth re-use has begun to compensate with the increasing user demand.
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(81), 431-440
Microbial Assay of Street Foods in Vijayawada
Saritha N, Varalakshmi KN
Food vending in streets in India pertains to unorganised sector of food processing where some times poor hygiene and
inappropriate sanitation may cause contamination of food products with serious health consequences .where the microbial assay
plays the major role to ensure food safety and quality.
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(81), 441-446
Assessment of Nutritional status of Street Foods consumers in Vijayawada, A.P
Varalakshmi KN, Saritha N
Street food consumption spread out rapidly in last ten years especially between college students, working men & women in
developing countries. Excessive consumption of street food is responsible for obesity and related health problems.
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(81), 447-451
Development of value added wood apple leather and its nutrient composition
Anitha S, Hiremath US, Veena B
Wood apple (Limonia acidissima Linn.), commonly known as Bael, is a monotypic genus Limonia, native to India. From the study
nutrient content of fresh wood apple revealed that, moisture (64.63%), protein (6.78 %), fat (1.38 %), crude fibre (5.00 %),
carbohydrates (20.66 %), and total ash (1.55 %).
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(82), 459-470
Synthesis of silver nanoparticles using Azadirachta Indica (Neem) extract and its usage in water purification
Archana Y Kalal, Sharanagouda Hiregoudar
Nanotechnology is a developing field while reducing the matter on atomic and molecular scale sized between 1 to 100 nanometre.
This technology recently attracted various branches of application due to the dissimilar behaviour of the bulk material when reduced
to its nano-size.
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(82), 471-475
Development and evaluation of barnyard millet dietary food for better nutrition
Vimalarani M, Thenmozhi PG, Gayathri Subaiah, Nisha PR
Millets are group of highly variable small-seeded grasses, widely grown around the world as cereal crops or grains for both human
food and fodder. It is gluten free and rich in calcium, fiber, protein and minerals. It has high nutritional values when compared with
rice and wheat.
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(82), 476-481
Development and efficacy comparison of curry leaves incorporated edible film and coating on fresh cut produce
Selvadharshini S, Argho Bakshi, NandhiniDevi G
Antimicrobial composite edible film was developed by incorporating curry leaves extract as a natural antioxidant and antimicrobial
agent. This work was aimed to provide an edible film with value additions by employing bioactive principles from curry leaves
(Murrayakoenigii (L) Spreng) and to compare the efficacy of the same in extending the shelf life of the fresh cut produce.
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(82), 482-491
Storage stability of the encapsulated Black Cumin (Nigella Sativa L.) seed oil powder by spray drying
Niriksha Nithin, Priya B
Black cumin (Nigella sativa L.) seed contains both fixed and essential oils, proteins, alkaloids and saponin. Thymoquinone, the major
component of the essential oil, is responsible for most of the antioxidant activity and has anti-inflammatory, chemo-sensitization
and chemo-preventive potential effects.
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(82), 492-498
Lactobacillus plantarum: a dominant microflora in Mesu- a non-salted fermented bamboo shoot product from Sikkim, India
Debomitra Dey, Prakash M Halami
The North Eastern part of India is a land of diverse culture and tradition. Several fermented foods are prepared and consumed by
different ethnic-people of North-East India; particularly bamboo shoots are an important and inseparable component. The current
study is based on isolation and characterization of dominant bacteria in Mesu, a non-salted fermented bamboo shoot, obtained
from Sikkim, India.
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(82), 499-508
Formulation and Shelf life Study of Ready –to- Prepare Soy composite flour
Veena B, Sharan S, Ravindra U, Anitha S
Value addition reduces the perishability of the product, increases its shelf life and makes it available for needy consumption. It also
makes it possible to recover valuable byproducts. Thus processing adds value to the
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(82), 509-520
Effect of Packaging Materials and MAP on Quality of Meat
Deepaveni S, Rajeswari N, Anandakumar S
Packaging material such as coated Cast Polypropylene (CPP), Oriented Polypropylene (OPP) and whey protein isolate coated Poly
Lactic Acid (PLA) film materials were selected and the MAP technique was used to improve the shelf life of meat was evaluated.
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(82), 521-532
Spray Drying Effect on Bitter Gourd Juice Powder Properties
Archana Y Kalal, Sharangouda Hiregoudar, Udaykumar Nidoni, Ramachandra CT, Nagaraj Naik
In this study, the effect of spray drying conditions (inlet air drying temperature and drying aids concentration) on physical properties
of bitter gourd juice powder was studied. A pilot-scale laboratory spray dryer was used for drying operation.
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(83), 554-565
Comparative study of microencapsulated green tea extract powder by using freeze and spray drying techniques
Dipali D Tengse, Priya B
Green tea polyphenols are potential antioxidants, anti-carcinogenic and effective against various disorders. Antioxidant are more
sensitive to higher temperature. To improve the stability of antioxidant, green tea extract (25%) was freeze dried at -40C and spray
dried at inlet air temperature 120C and outlet temperature 100C using wall materials such as maltodextrin (40%) and core to wall
ratio 1:2 to get microencapsulate.
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(83), 566-573
Optimization of drying methods for bitter gourd (Momordica charantia L.) extract
Navveen Raj M, Priya B
Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia L.) is rich in phytonutrients such as carotenoids, flavonoids and abundant phenolic compounds.
Bitter gourd is notable for its anti-diabetic activity due to charantin and momordicine compounds.
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(83), 574-582
Improving the Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Property of Food Packaging Films using Lychee Seed Extract as Biobased
Deepaveni S, Jayalaxmi J, Rajeswari N
The aim of this study is to examine the antimicrobial and antioxidant properties of the food packaging films using lychee’s seed
extract. The extract of lychee’s seed was prepared by solvent extraction and then coated on various polymeric films namely LDPE, PP.
The coated films were subjected for evaluation of antioxidant and antimicrobial test.
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(83), 583-588
Innovative Value added Design and Improved Shelf life with Composite Oxygen-barrier Coating on Polypropylene for
Santhosh Velan S, Deepaveni S
The aim of this project is to promote the Indian traditional chikki in the market with new package design especially to attract the
children and also to give good nutritive food to children and to make awareness among parents about chikki and its nutritional
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(83), 589-594
Development and shelf-life evaluation of pearl millets based extruded product
Vimalarani M, Gayathri Subaiah, Thenmozhi PG, Nisha PR
Pearl millet (Bajra) is one of the major coarse grain cereals (millets) and is considered to be a poor man’s food. It is widely grown in
Africa and Asia since pre-historic times. Bajra grains contain about 11.6% protein, 5% fat, 67.5% carbohydrates and about 2.3%
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(83), 595-600
Effect of Pre-treatments on the Quality of Watermelon rind
Akshaya Mohan, Sasikala S, Nithyalakshmi V
Watermelon belongs to the family of Cucurbitaceae. Processing of watermelon generates considerable amount of wastes in the form
of peels, rind and seeds. Every aspect of the fruit of watermelon has nutritional value, including the rind and the seeds. These wastes
are also rich in phytochemicals and can be exploited to investigate its nutraceutical properties.
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(83), 601-607
Supernumerary tooth with dens evaginatus in a 14 year old male child: A case report
Wadhawan R, Rajan P, Reddy TY
Dens evaginatus is a developmental anomaly characterized by the occurrence of an extra cusp shaped as a tubercle projecting from
the palatal or buccal surfaces. In the anterior dentition, dens evaginatus is more commonly found in the maxilla and on the palatal
surface of the tooth.
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(83), 608-613
Isolation, biotyping and antibiotic sensitivity pattern of Klebsiella pneumoniae from pus and uterine discharge samples of
Asis Bhattacharya, Sandip Chakraborty, Biswajit Chowdhury, Apurba Debnath
It is essential to conduct microbiological testing to both identify as well as to adopt control strategies of infection. Gram negative
organisms are involved in a variety of infections. Klebsiella pneumoniae has become one of the more common cause of nosocomial
infection. One of the more important aspect of Klebsiella associated infections is the emergence of multi-drug resistant strains.
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(84), 614-618
The Induced Breeding of Common Carps (Cyprinus carpio) in Bangladesh
Md. Monirul Islam, Abdulla-Al-Asif, Md. Ruhul Amin
The study was conducted to know the induced breeding technique of common carp verities. Scale carp (C. carpio var. communis),
mirror carp (C. carpio var. specularis) and leather carp (C. carpio var. nudus) are chosen for the experiment at Ma-Fatema Fish
Hatchery in Jessore from January to March, 2016.
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(84), 619-632
Assessment of Customer Loyalty: A Case Study of Banglalink
Anwarul Islam KM
This present study aims to explore the influence of customer satisfaction (towards services offered by the mobile telecom operators)
on customer loyalty. Specifically, this study tries: to find out customers satisfaction with a variety of services provided by operators;
to find out the interrelationship between satisfaction of services (communication, price, value added service, convenience, salespromotion
and customer service) and customer loyalty.
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(84), 633-668
Financial Performance Comparison of Top Rated Banking Financial Institutions (BFIs) of Bangladesh
Anwarul Islam KM
The main purpose of this research is to show comparison of the financial performance of Top Rated 5 BFIs (Banking Financial
Institutions) of Bangladesh by covering the period of five years from 2007 to 2011. Ratio analysis is the most popular trend to
evaluate a bank’s performance over years or with other companies in an industry.
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(85), 669-697
Inheritance of bacterial leaf blight resistance in crosses involving interspecific and intraspecific rice genotypes
Lussewa RK, Edema R, Gibson P, Lamo J
Bacterial leaf blight (BLB) of rice, caused by Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo) is one of the oldest known disease which was first
reported by farmers of Japan in 1884. Subsequently, its incidence has been reported from different parts of Asia, northern Australia,
Africa, and the USA and has become one of the three serious rice diseases. In Africa, BLB was first identified in the 1980s and has
continued to increase in importance.
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(85), 698-717
A review of water hyacinth (Eichhornia Crassipes Mart.): its biochemical and beneficial characteristics
Kumar A, Kumar M
Water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes Mart.) is the most predominant and troublesome aquatic weed in India. It is a free floating (but
sometimes rooted) freshwater plant of the family Pontederiaceae that has proven to be a significant economic and ecological burden
to many sub-tropical and tropical regions of the world.
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(85), 718-722
Nutritional Therapy in Critically III
Alves AI, Rabiais IC, Madureira M, Freitas C, Sousa A
Introduction: Nutritional therapy has had a major impact on the evolution of the clinical situation on the critical patient as well as the
choice of treatment. The oral/enteral feeding is more physiologic and preferable, therefore, whenever possible, should be used the
gastrointestinal tract. When this cannot be used, the parenteral is indicated, either supplement or total.
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(86), 723-730
Improving Upland Rice (Oryza Sativa L.) Perfomance through Enhanced Soil Fertility and Water Conservation Methods at
Ukiriguru Mwanza, Tanzania
Mohamed Ibrahim Shemahonge, Cornel L Ryeyemum
The experiment was conducted at Agricutural Research Institute (ARI)–Ukiriguru Mwanza, Tanzania aiming at improving upland rice
performance through enhanced soil fertility and water conservation methods. A split–split plot experiment in a randomized
complete block design with three replications and three factors that were (a) upland rice cultivars (WAB 450, NERICA1 and NERICA4)
(b) fertilizer types, (Urea 80Kg N/ha, farm yard manure 5 t/ha and control) (c) three water conservation methods (flat cultivation,
open ridge and tie ridge were applied).
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(86), 731-790
Body weight changes in broiler chicks fed different levels of zinc
Zinc is one of the most abundant trace element in the earth crust. It is found in almost all foods but poultry, fish and meat are major
source of zinc.Its primarily function is it acts as a catalyst in various enzyme systems. Humans expose to zinc via contaminated air,
water and soil and by drinking beverages that has been stored in metal container.
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(86), 791-797
Corporate Governance: Conjecture and Modernism
Anwarul Islam KM
This paper examines on corporate governance theories is provided, including economic/market-based stakeholder, stewardship, and
political models of corporate governance. This paper also discussed on the practice of corporate governance worldwide, and briefly
considers corporate governance in developing countries.
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(86), 798-817
Anti-cancer Activity of the Microorganism Saccharomyces boulardii in Probiotics
Aishwarya R, Jenifer Joseph
Cervical cancers, a common cancer that affect women, have around 500 new cases coming up every year. Although if detected early,
it could be cured, chances are that it is still fatal. A few research studies claim that probiotics can fight against cancer, especially
colorectal cancer. But not a lot of work has been done when it comes to cervical cancer.
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(87), 818-822
Molecular docking studies of benzothiazole derivatives as polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1) inhibitors
Venkata Reddy Gorla, Rajasekhar Chekkara, Ethiraj Susithra, Sobha Rani Tenkayala
Polo-like kinase 1 (Plk1) is highly expressed in many types of cancer and regulates critical steps in mitotic progression. Plk1 is a
promising target for the development of anticancer agents due to its importance in regulating cell-cycle progression, and several
Plk1 inhibitors are currently undergoing clinical investigations/evaluations.
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(87), 823-827
Sodium propionate as green and efficient catalyst for Knoevenagel condensation of aryl aldehydes with meldrum’s acid
under ultrasonic irradiation
Suresh M, Reicha
Sodium propionate was used as an efficient and green catalyst for the knoevenagel condensation of aryl aldehydes with Meldrum’s
acid to afford the arylidene meldrum’s acid derivatives through the conventional stirring or under ultrasonic irradiation.
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(87), 828-832
Enzymes in organic synthesis
There are three facets of biotransformation and one phase is discussed in this paper. Selected experiments from the Exeter
laboratories will be used as examples: other texts are available that have a more comprehensive coverage of the literature.
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(88), 872-880
Use of Hydrochemical Approach in Evaluation of Water Quality around the Vicinity of Mkpuma Ekwaoku Mining District,
Ebonyi State, SE. Nigeria for Irrigation Purpose
Eyankware MO, Obasi PN, Akakuru OC
The aim of this is to determine the effect of lead- zinc mining on suitability of water for irrigation purpose. A total of
ten water sample were collected source for within Mkpuma Ekwaoku and its surrounding to determine their physical
and chemical parameters.
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(88), 881-895
Rearrangement of a Benzofuran to a Benzopyran
Investigation of an apparent 6-endo-dig cyclization reveals an unusual acid-catalyzed rearrangement of the initially formed
benzofuran derivative. The possible mechanism of the novel rearrangement was also discussed. The construction of ring systems by
intramolecular addition of an anionic center to a carbon-carbon pi-bond has attracted considerable attention in recent years.
Various organometallic reagents have been used resulting in the formation of cycloalkenyl containing products.
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(88), 886-901
The germination and early growth of Ethiopian indigenous plant seeds in the simulated microgravity environment
Menberu Mengesha, Tolu Biressa, Deresse Tekestebirhan
In this article, the overall growth rate of roots in simulated microgravity condition was studied. The length of roots of a seedling
under normal gravity condition was compared with simulated microgravity condition. Moreover, the curvature angle of roots of a
horizontally turned and clinorotated seedlings were analyzed using image analysis software.
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(88), 902-909
Factors influencing consumers purchase decision: a case study of Pantene shampoo
Anwarul Islam KM
This research is about Pantene shampoo in order to see the factors influencing consumer in the purchase of shampoo, their socio
economic profiles, satisfaction towards current shampoo brand are also studied. The main objectives of this study were to
investigate the factors that influence Consumer’s shampoo purchase decisions.
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(88), 910-923
Hydrochemical Appraisal of Groundwater for Irrigation Purpose: A Case Study of Ekaeru Inyimagu and its Adjoining Area,
Ebonyi State, Nigeria
The research is gear towards accessing the suitability of groundwater for irrigation purpose. A total of six groundwater sample were
collected source for within Abakaliki to determine their physical and chemical parameters. These parameters were analyzed using
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(88), 924-943
Young leadership and their contribution to develop a new Bangladesh: a case study on BYLC
Anwarul Islam KM
The main objectives of this study were to investigate young leadership and their contribution how to develop a new Bangladesh.
Young people are natural leaders should not define themselves too early on. Leadership is a key ingredient in having effective
management. All forms of leadership are important to the organization, from top management to first-line management. Whether
you have a small organization or large organization, having effective leadership is essential.
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(88), 944-969
Production of Biodiesel from Algae- A Perspective
Problem statement: Increased fuel shortage dicatates the world to look for alternative solutions such as biomass based fuels.
Approach: A comprehensive review of the literature on the principles, applications, challenges and prospects of biodiesel production
from algae was performed. Results: Biodiesel is similar to fossil dieel in composition & can be produced from plat & oil by
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(88), 970-975
E-Commerce: Concept and Evolution
Anwarul Islam KM
Electronic commerce is rapidly growing as an impressive manifestation of globalization. The rapid expansion of e-commerce is a
major opportunity for local and international trade development of LDCs including Bangladesh. However, infrastructure, culture, and
attitude are significant barriers to e-commerce.
Indian journal of science, 2016, 23(88), 976-983